Sunday, May 24, 2020

Ancient Rome s Influence On Modern Day Society - 1935 Words

Ancient Rome was known for its rich history and vast influence that is still attributed into modern day society. When speaking about Rome itself and the reason of influences it has made over the course of years, many people only seem to recognize the male figure. But looking at the course of history at a closer glance, women have made their marks not only within the Roman Empire but within the history itself. Before going further, one must first understand what goes into an average day and the lifestyles and customs the Roman Woman took. One must also understand that what may seem abnormal in today’s society, would fit a perfectly normal life for the ancient Roman citizen, most especially of the Roman women. To begin, in ancient Rome, the father or head male figure took up majority of the power because the society as a whole believed in a patriarchal society. Because of this idea of social norms, often could not adopt or be adopted. Within the patriarchal society, the father a lways had his way of words and had the power over his children. With the father having the most power within the family household, it has been noted that within history, he too decides who his daughters shall wed and thus picking a suitable groom. While picking a suitable groom, the father often seeks to find someone suitable in order for the family to gain better advancement and this was normal for the majority of ancient Rome. The Roman women were considered to live a sheltered lifestyle before oneShow MoreRelatedRoman Theatre : A Diverse Art Form1045 Words   |  5 PagesRoman theatre initially began in 240 BC when Greek theatre was discovered and translated to Latin, then being brought to Rome. The first drama was held at Ludi Romani, the Roman Festival or the Roman Games. This occurred just before Rome became an empire in 27BC. There were many types of these festivals during a year for all sorts of reasons according to history. Theatre was, and is a diverse art form. It r anged from festival performances, street theatre, and acrobatics to eloquent tragediesRead More Greek And Roman Influence On Western Civilization Essay581 Words   |  3 Pages Western civilization is what we call modern society that mainly includes North America and Western Europe. But how did this western way of life come to be? Their are many different ways but mainly through ancient cultures. The two main ones are the Greek and Roman. Greece with their golden age and Rome with its great Empire and Republic and also together. Their are many ways in which western civilization is like the ancient Greek civilization. They started the Olympic games. Greeks comeRead MoreAnalysis : The A Tick Tock 1730 Words   |  7 PagesImagine, if you will, a society in which time has no clout, dominion, or sway. As you peer from the edge of today and into the bleak personifications of history - that is the unwelcoming Ancient Roman Empire – a delicate gleam weaves its way through the obscurity: be it days of harmony and concord. Here, the ever-so governing ‘tick-tock’ is but a relic of history, blissfully otiose to the human consciousness. Days of halcyon supervene, engulfing the timeless world in a wildfire of symbolic invincibilityRead MoreEssay on The Roman and Grecian Effects on Society1261 Words   |  6 Pagesin today’s society that reflect empires from early in human history. Much influence can be found from the Roman and Grecian empires, more than from any other sources. The basic forming of our own government can be traced back to the ideals that formed the Roman and Greek governments, paying attention their strengths and also to what caused the demise of those societies as well. ( Let us examine the Roman influences and facts first. Roman Governmental Influence: There wasRead MoreGreece s Impact On The World1335 Words   |  6 Pagesof like time traveling. When going back in time and comparing the ancient civilizations of Rome and Greece to today, the root of our knowledge is greatly influenced on the minds who have lived at that time. Some may ask which civilization had the most impact on United States and the world? Many would say that the Romans had the most impact on United States and the world and some may contradict and say Greece had the most influence. However, Greece influenced the world and the United States the mostRead MorePlumbing During The Roman Empire Essay1728 Words   |  7 PagesThe water toilet may be a modern invention, but plumbing has existed since 2700 BC with the civilizations of the Indus Valley designing the first plumbing system for its people. However, among the ancient civilizations that became vast civilizations, the Romans attained the use of plumbing and toilets into an art, s o much that an individual from the past decade could go to Ancient Rome and understand everything about an ancient toilet easily, even if the lack of comfort might seem unsettling at firstRead MoreThe Roman Law2088 Words   |  9 Pagescovers Rome s judicial system over the course of the empire. With this system, philosophy and the study of law became most prevalent. In today s world this system is no longer used however pieces linger on in judicial systems now. At Law school, you need to learn Roman Law in order to better understand judicial legal systems currently. Roman Law, like most Roman concepts are continually borrowed and altered throughout history, but the roots still trace back. In conclusion Politics in ancient timesRead MoreEssay on Politics in the Novel Imperium by Robert Harris1402 Words   |  6 Pagesbegins when Cicero as a young man from a middle class family. He leaves his small town behind and comes to Rome, looking to make a name for himself in politics. He begins as a lawyer and is immediately noticed for his outstanding oratory skills and daring composure . Gradually, he gains influence in the realm of the courts until he has achieved the title of the second best advocate in Rome, only beaten by his bitter rival, Hortensius. His next triumph is to take on a daring case against the governorRead MoreRole of Women in Ancient Roman Society Essay1341 Words   |  6 PagesThe role of women in ancient Rome is not easily categorized; in some ways they were treated better than women in ancient Greece, but in other matters they were only allowed a very modest degree of rights and privileges. One thing that does seem clear is that as the city-state of Ro me evolved from its early days into a more complex society; women were not always limited to secondary roles. In some areas of Roman society, women were allowed more freedoms than in many other ancient civilizations. Research: Read MoreRoman Art Of Ancient Rome1707 Words   |  7 PagesThe art of Rome is considered completed art of ancient society. Legitimately argue that, although Roman masters continued the tradition of Hellenic, yet the art of ancient Rome - an independent phenomenon, determined by the course and the course of historical events, and living conditions, and the originality of religious beliefs, character traits of the Romans, and other factors. Roman art as a special artistic phenomenon began to study only in the twentieth century is essentially realized only

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Intervention of the Judicial System in Violence...

The Intervention of the Judicial System in Violence Against Women Women in this country have been a part of violence for an enormous amount of time. This violence includes pornography, rape, and even domestic violence. The United States judicial system has intervened into the so-called private sphere and eradicated women in society, providing precedent and even updating statutes as well as other types of legislation. Without intervention women may still have no rights as human beings and the victims of much worse violence. Not to say that the violence that comes about is not extremely painful and an obscene amount of torture for women, but without our judicial system to minimize some of these violent acts would be in total chausses.†¦show more content†¦The last act of violence discussed will be domestic violence. Why women stay in relationships where they are being battered and abused? All of these acts of violence are dangerous and put lives in danger. The judicial systems intervention may not stop all of these horrible incidents but may protect the lives of those who wish to be protected. Although there are exceptions to every rule, depending on the type of porn and in what manner it is presented or acted out determines how violent it is perceived. According to Andrea Dworkin, ?Words alone, words and pictures, moving or still, creates systematic harm to women in the form of discrimination and physical hurt.? Although this may be true there are some women who have actually chosen this profession for pleasure and enjoy this type of industry. As we know pornography is legal and is considered freedom of speech, written in the 1st Amendment of the Constitution. There are two levels of speech, speech and non-speech. The courts recognize ?speech? as being protected and hold it to the highest level of scrutiny, but as for ?non-speech? rational basis is implemented. Unprotected speech consists of ?fighting words.? Also obscenity is unprotected speech. The whole reason we protect speech is part of us and therefore recognized as knowledge. Pornography has been considered as spe ech unless children areShow MoreRelatedIssues with Domestic Violence Essay1408 Words   |  6 PagesDomestic violence is a complex issue that plagues society regularly. Judicial systems all over the United States have attempted to create regulations to protect victims of domestic abuse. Furthermore, scattered scarcely throughout the United States are non-profit and small organizations which attempt to supplement the judicial protection with additional resources. Nevertheless, domestic abuse seems to be much bigger than any services these systems can maintain. Victims of domestic violence sufferRead MoreDomestic Violence Against Women815 Words   |  4 Pagesrecent data available from 2015, it was disclosed that nearly 92,000 Canadians had report to the police an incident related to domestic violence; of this number, 80% of them were women (Burczycka, 2017). It is then no surprise that intimate partnership violence has been found to be one of the major causes of violence agains t women in Canada (Ministry of the Status of Women, 2015). Many agencies focus on supporting directly the female victims and providing them with secured shelters and safe spaces toRead MoreDomestic Violence As A Victim Of Domestic Abuse1686 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction Although we lost Ellen Pence, a woman who changed how domestic violence is addressed, in 2012, there are many lives that are being saved to this day because of her work. Ellen Pence found her calling in 1977 when she began working for the Minneapolis Housing Authority that helped individuals relocate with housing complications (StarTribune, 2010). It was then that she immersed herself through domestic violence cases and set the standard for addressing these cases. Ellen Pence is especiallyRead MoreForms Of Violence Against Women1210 Words   |  5 Pages Forms of Violence Against Women Introduction In Pakistan, women live in a confined world that is structured by family, tribal, and religious customs. As such, women are subjected to not only violence but also discrimination on a daily basis. This has been brought about by the interpretation of Islam, the main religion in the country, which views women as persons needing maximum protection. This consequently leads to their oppression emotionally, physically, and mentally. They face various formsRead MoreSex Offenders And Sexual Offenders Essay1420 Words   |  6 Pagessexual offence make up approximately 20% of prison population in New Zealand (Nadesu, 2011). In 2005, there were 703 in total apprehensions of sexual assaults committed against children 16 years and under in New Zealand. Since then there has been a rise with total of 1029 apprehensions recorded in 2014 (New Zealand Family Violence Clearinghouse, 2015), thus may be a reason as to why there has been such interest around child sexual offenders in criminology. Further more, sexual offending tends to beRead MoreDomestic Violence And Immigrant Women1274 Words   |  6 PagesThe student documentary video regarding domestic violence and immigrant women highlighted a significant health and a human right problem all over the world. Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, male-development, or deprivation† (WHO 2002:4). AccordingRead MoreThe Effects Of Childhood Sexual Abuse On Adults Sexual Behavior1521 Words   |  7 Pagestheir own terms. Survivors may also struggle to set boundaries that help them feel safe in relationships (The National Center for Victims of Crime, 2015). 28 to 33% of women and 12 to 18% of men were victims of adolescent or childhood sexual abuse (Long, Burnett, Thomas, 2006) . According to the National child abuse and neglect data system, an estimated 9.3 percent of confirmed or substantiated child abuse and neglect cases in 2005 involved sexual abuse (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,Read MoreDomestic Violence Against Men and Women1449 Words   |  6 PagesDomestic Violence against Men and Women Sandra Marable Kaplan University CM-220 Professor Freiteg May 20, 2013 Whenever the thought of domestic violence comes to mind, more than often the visual picture is a women or a child. However, there is another side that has been ignored because it is pushed under the rug. The unfortunate fact is that men are the victims of domestic violence at least as often as women are. While the very idea of men is being beaten by their wivesRead MoreHow Domestic Violence Affects Children As Well As The Mental Health Of Its Victims1744 Words   |  7 Pagesextensive overview of the research topic. This chapter will provide a historical background on domestic violence, a historical perspective of the services provided and an overview of different forms of domestic violence. The goal of this literature review is to examine the statistical information that is presented as it relates to domestic violence. This literature review will also reveal how domestic violence affects children as well as the mental health of its victims. In addition, this chapter will includeR ead MoreKeny A National Leader Of National Unity1699 Words   |  7 PagesUnprecedented violence broke out in many parts of the country immediately Mwai Kibaki of the Party of National Unity (PNU) was declared the winner of the presidential poll and sworn in on 30th December 2007. The violence escalated as the leader of Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), Raila Odinga, immediately rejected the outcome of the poll. Such violence had never occurred in Kenya before and it had devastating consequences. The violence, commonly referred to as Post-Election Violence (PEV), continued

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Collaboration in the supply chain Free Essays

In general footings supply concatenation direction has been described by Cox ( 1997 ) as â€Å" a manner of thought that is devoted to detecting tools and techniques that provide for increased operational effectivity and efficiency throughout the bringing channels that must be created internally and externally to back up and provide bing corporate merchandise and service offerings to clients † . Supply concatenation direction can besides be defined as a direction of three or more administration linked together by one or more of the flow of merchandise, services, finance and information from a beginning to a client ( Mentzer et al, 2001 ) . So based on the above definition supply concatenation direction can be describe as a direction of the relationship and activities among the member of the administrations internally every bit good as externally. We will write a custom essay sample on Collaboration in the supply chain or any similar topic only for you Order Now As the concern environment becomes more complex, administrations recognise that many benefits can be obtained from closer, long term relationship in supply concatenation ( Ganesan, 1994 ) . The end of the supply concatenation direction is that every member of the administration should work together in close and long term relationship to increase the competitory advantage of the supply concatenation direction as a whole which can move as one of the nucleus competence of the administration ( Mentzer et al, 2001 ) . The troubles for production companies are escalating, as a â€Å" rising figure merchandises are launched whose marks market can merely be reached efficaciously through a limited figure of mercantile establishments whose ownership is concentrated in a diminishing figure of centralized concatenation † ( Guirdham, 1972, P: nine ) . However, there are plentiful illustrations of major gross revenues and market portion breakthrough being achieved by a supply concatenation scheme which requires a supply concatenation direction. External environment in which a house operates besides plays a critical function in the acceptance and execution of supply concatenation integrating. The fast altering market demands require companies to incorporate supply concatenation procedures in order to be more antiphonal. Customers are demanding merchandises which can be systematically delivered faster and more faithfully, which requires close coordination within the house and with retail merchants or mercantile establishments ( Richey et al. , 2009 ) . However, A figure of researches are done on the retail administrations and parent administrations but there is a deficiency in literature between the supply concatenation direction of these two administrations. As per OCED ( 2007 ) and Porter and Ketels ( 2003 ) , fabricating administrations in developed economic systems needs to travel up the value concatenation and vie on the footing of value instead than on the footing of cost. To vie on the footing of the value the administration should necessitate services to the client. Martinez et Al ( 2009 ) stated that it is a ambitious undertaking for a fabrication administration to go a product-service administration ( PSS ) in which merchandises and services can be provided by the retail merchants to the costumiers for some administration. The acceptance of a new product-service scheme requires investings on capacity edifice such as the placement of retail merchants, new peoples ‘ accomplishments, capablenesss and engineerings etc. ( Reinartz and Ulaga, 2008 ) . Therefore, in the short period of clip it can be disputing for administrations to take out immense grosss from a new PSS transmutation but in the longer period of clip that new PSS schemes can convey immense grosss to the administrations ( Quinn et al. , 1990 ) . Oliva and Kallenberg ( 2003 ) , Davies ( 2003 ) and Araujo and Spring ( 2006 ) argue that during this transmutation to a combined product-service offering, administrations are likely to alter their schemes, value ironss, operations, system integrating capablenesss, people expertise and engineerings. In many merchandise service administrations ( PSS ) industries service are provided by the retail merchant as the nucleus competence of a retail merchant lies in supplying services to the client and have the client cognition of that country. However, the manner of altering transmutation waies from a merchandise fabrication administration to a combined product-service administration are still ill understood ( Voss, 2005 ; Johnston, 1995 ; Miller et al. , 2002 ; Tukker, 2004 ) . Harmonizing to Richey et Al, 2009 in PSS there are two drivers in supply concatenation integrating which are internal and external. Most of the administrations look to develop the internal supply concatenation integrating to cut down cost in production and the others factors alternatively of developing it overall. It is besides said that directors have reported many troubles in the procedure of implementing of complete supply concatenation integrating because external environment is non in control of any administration so it is difficult to implement complete supply concatenation integrating. Some administrations consider their retail merchant as an internal supply concatenation direction of the administration and some says that lies in external supply concatenation direction of the administration ( Keller, 2002 ) . However, Internal planning failure is due to the deficiency of an effectual planning that provides the result of concern procedures and external monitoring failure refers to the deficiency of an internal mechanism that efficaciously monitors the external environment ( Burt and Davies, 2007 ) . So which means that retail merchant administration can a portion of external or internal supply concatenation direction but the failure comes from internal of the administration. Alternatively of endeavoring for common ends, each functional country works for its ain involvement to accomplish its ain public presentation aims. A typical type of internal planning failure leads different functional countries in different waies. For illustration while the production section might to a great extent concentrate on cutting the costs, the gross revenues section might merely endeavor for bigger gross revenues volume, which will do supply concatenation integrating an impossible mission ( Christopher, 2005 ) . As stated by Richey et Al, 2009 external environment is non in control of any administration so it is difficult to implement complete supply concatenation integrating but as stated by Burt and Davies, 2007 monitoring of external environment is due to miss of internal failure which concludes that an administration can implement a complete supply concatenation integrating internally. In today ‘s environment, competition is among supply ironss instead than among single companies ( Christopher, 2005 ) . This requires houses to hold an effectual information system to supervise external environment, including their clients, retail merchant, and rivals, to do appropriate determinations sing supply concatenation integrating. Marketing writers have long argued that in order to be market oriented, houses must bring forth market cognition about the current and future client demands, administer the cognition across all the sections, and respond to it through coordination of sections ( Kohli and Jaworski, 1990 ; Slater and Narver, 1995 ) . The cognition of the current and the hereafter clients can be collected by the retail merchant as they are close to the clients and locally situated. â€Å" Competing supply concatenation that manage through coaction to incorporate supply and demand, present important improved public presentation, and benefit yet farther from close relationship that themselves foster more chance for greater betterment † ( Barratt, 2004, p 31 ) . As per Findlay et al. , 1990 retailing environment in developing states is under developed and there is no peculiar system or construction for retail market. If the retailing environment in the development states are undeveloped so how the administration are implementing the supply concatenation direction. Barriers to provide concatenation integrating act as a go-between to weaken the positive relationships between the drivers of supply concatenation integrating and the steadfast public presentation. Hoek ( 2000 ) argued that because mechanisms for both internal and external integrating can be found in the measuring and control of operations, it is of import to develop integrative steps for the full organisation. The research on the effects of the barriers to provide concatenation integrating is still missing, which limits the ability to happen effectual solutions to these issues. Therefore, it is worthwhile to look into the barriers and the effects of these barriers to provide concatenation integrating. Which external barriers are curtailing from constructing a healthy supply concatenation relationship between the parent and retail administration? Available literature reappraisal explains about the benefits of the supply concatenation relationship. But there is a deficiency in the literature reappraisal which explains the external barriers and how to get the better of with those barriers for an industry. By making the research on the external barriers impacting in doing the healthy relationship between the retail and the parent administration can convey good solution for most of the merchandise service administration. What jobs the retail and parent administration are confronting internally to develop healthy supply concatenation relation? To construct a healthy relationship in supply concatenation direction of merchandise service administration between the retail merchant and parent administration internal barriers should be identified. External supply concatenation direction fails due to the deficiency of an internal mechanism that efficaciously monitors the external environment ( Freathy, 2003 ) . By making the research on the internal barriers impacting in doing the healthy relationship between the retail and the parent administration can convey good solution for most of the merchandise service administration. How to get the better of the barriers which are set uping to construct a healthy supply concatenation relationship between the parent and retail administration? Merely by findings the external and internal barriers in the doing the healthy supply concatenation relationship between the parent and the retail administration is non sufficient. It is necessary to happen a solution to get the better of the barriers for any administration. As per the research the recommendation will be based on the solutions by utilizing the primary and secondary informations, so that the administrations which are confronting the similar barriers found in research can utilize that solution to do a healthy relationship in supply concatenation direction. By doing a healthy relationship parent and retail administration can supply better client service and can derive more market portion in their industry. In an interpretative doctrine the Inductive attacks has been selected because of assorted grounds such as, in this attack theory is made up on the footing of informations collected which means doing sense of world which can be find out of the interviews ( collected information ) , here â€Å" cause and consequence nexus exists between the variables and deriving the apprehension of the significances † ( Saunder et al. , 2007 ) , which provides a close apprehension of the existent state of affairs, which supports the use of qualitative informations, including interviews to be carried on. Furthermore the inclination of deductive attack in bordering ‘rigid methodological analysis which restricts the alternate account of what is traveling on ‘ proves to be its unfavorable judgment ( Fisher, 2010 ) . A instance survey or literature reappraisal would be used with inductive attack in order to acquire in-depth analysis within a existent life context. Yin, 2003 provinces that instance surveies or literature reappraisal non merely supply entree to broad scope of attitudinal, behavioral, and historical issues but besides can be used in combination of interviews and questionnaires ( Saunders et al. , 2007 ) . Many research workers ‘ stated that Triangulation of research methods is considered to be one of the most dependable and can be a valuable manner of carry oning research ( Robson, 2002: cited in Fisher, 2007 ) . Thus a multiple-method attack utilizing a combination of research methods was considered thereby utilizing qualitative informations by carry oning in-depth interviews ( Saunders et al. , 2007 ) and associating it to the literature reappraisal in the given clip frame. Research methods and trying The proposal is based on research that will be carried out on primary informations as opposed to the secondary informations due to the deficiency of literature available every bit good as the research has non been done on the above mentioned research inquiries. Primary informations here includes the in-depth unstructured face to confront interviews, to happen out what precisely is traveling on in world ( findings barriers ) and to seek new -insights ( Robson, 2002: cited in Fisher, 2007 ) , every bit good as informal interviews, considered as qualitative research interviews ( King 2004: cited in Saunders et al. , 2007 ) , with managers of the retail administration, senior directors, head employees of the retail administration, caput of regional office of Assorted administration within the agribusiness equipment industry ( tractors ) in Bundi part which is in Rajasthan ( India ) . To traverse look into the barriers informal interview with the retail administration in other part will b esides be conducted. Access to the information and questioning the above designators has been granted by the taking market portion administration and their retail merchants and the permission of entering the interview is besides granted. However confabs are in procedure for subscribing off the confidentiality understanding to keep the informations integrity/privacy, as one of the nucleus values of the administrations and with other trade names retail merchants and with seniors of regional offices. Other information can be gathered from the company ‘s dorsum land which can be use to associate it to the interview and entree to those information has been approved like understandings between the retail and parent administrations. For the pick of trying techniques this research intends to utilize purposive sampling that involves choosing considerable figure of enlightening interviews, hope to carry on 12 interviews with senior directors, managers of the retail administration, caput employees of the retail administration, caput of regional office within the agribusiness equipment industry ( tractors ) in India, to run into the above mentioned aims ( Fisher, 2007 ; Saunders, 2007 ) . Restrictions While making un-structured and informal in-depth interviews, batch of factors demands to be taken attention off. Open inquiries need to be asked in order to avoid biasness every bit good as to take out maximal possible information from the administrations. However, the focal point will stay on the research inquiry and the purpose of research while questioning. Interviewer ‘s demands to take attention of the dress-code, privateness of the individual, opening remarks to be made while get downing interview, affectional hearing accomplishments, attack to entering informations and last but non the least given clip skyline within which interviews demands to be conducted and analysed. Specific Ethical or Legal Concerns With Your Research Project It is necessary to understand the sensitiveness of utilizing the existent informations from the directors and the employees of the companies. It is of import to clear up the research subject, informations, addition entree of the informations and how we collect, analyse and utilize them in honest and responsible mode ( Fisher, 2007 ; Saunders, 2007 ) . â€Å" Ethical motives as the moral rules, norms or criterions of behavior that guide moral picks about our behavior and our relationship with others † ( Blumberg et al, 2005: cited in Saunders, 2007 ) . During informations aggregation devising certain the information that has been collected is accurate and which is helpful to associate with the research inquiry and should avoid all the subjective selectivity on what is traveling to be recorded. Taking great attention and keeping confidentiality and namelessness are of import in deriving entree to administrations information ( Easterby-Smith et. Al, 2009 ) . Any sugge stion and incorrect reading made on the footing of utilizing company informations, could take to large legal job. Therefore under the subdivision 2 ( B ) 1998 Data protection Act, it is vitally of import that all informations be treated sensitively and confidentially ( OPSI, 1988 ) . All the information will be used what ‘s available and has been used to do primary research for to make full the spread in the literature but this will be done by being just to the companies and following their policies. Not merely the information that has been collected is of import but procuring the information is besides of import, any escape in informations can convey the individual or society into problem Pr into legal jobs. Harmonizing to the UK statute law, this refers to the commissariats of informations Protection Act, 1998. This allows protecting your informations of your research lawfully in the state you live in ( The stationary office, 1998: cited in Saunders, 2007 ) .Identify w hat ethical or legal concerns that there may be with the undertaking – be precise and elaborate. Preservation of Confidentiality and Anonymity As per the research it is required to roll up the information from assorted administrations and to maintain the information secure for that confidentiality signifier will be signed between the research worker and the member of the administration. Confidentiality signifier will besides be signed between the research worker and the administration. All the informations will be kept safely. Informed Consent During roll uping the informations the directors of retail administration and parent administration will be informed that the information they are giving will non be shared by any others individual or the administration and it will merely used for the research. The names of the director and the administration will be kept confidentially under the Data protection Act 1998 ( Saunders et al. , 2007 ) . Potential Good or Harm Caused by the Research Designation of barriers in the research conducted can supply utile information for product-service administrations on developing their external and internal supply concatenation integrating particularly between the retail and parent administration. Ethical Guidelines in the Field Please mention Section 1 of Ethical and legal concern. Processing and Storage of Datas The information collected in the research will be treated discreetly and utilized with regard to the Data Protection Act 1998 ( OPSI, 1998 ) . All informations in paper or electronic format will be stored safely and upon completion of the research undertaking informations will be destroyed wholly. The deadline for the proposal is on the 24th of May 2010. Further work will be pending one time the consequences came out which will take about 4 hebdomads that will take it to 24th of June. Following the consequences and after the allotment of supervisor 2 hebdomads will be given to do the necessary alterations to the proposal and get down initial research. There has been non allocated a batch of clip due to assorted grounds for the research. First, the research can non be start because of the other faculties which will be finish on 5th of July 2010 ; it will be difficult to give clip wholly to research during this period. Secondly research will hold to be done under an allocated supervisor and communicate and handiness of the supervisor will hold to be considered. Once the proposal has been passed by allocated supervisor, the aggregation of the secondary informations which includes the background and literature survey such as articles, diaries and information will be carried out ti ll 12th of July. Time is a large factor here hence research clip has been estimated to be approximately 4 hebdomads which is allocated to roll up the primary informations through interviews for administration and to analyze it. From the 2nd hebdomad of July, following undertaking will be done by going to India to roll up the information required to finish the research. Final two hebdomads from the 2nd hebdomad to the 3rd hebdomad of August will be given for reappraisal of the research and findings and associate it to the literature available it and composing the thesis. In add-on research worker will be confer withing with the allocated supervisor through regular meetings and treatment. The last hebdomad of August will be allocated to completion and concluding reappraisal of the thesis to guarantee that it is presented good. Mentions Araujo, L. and Spring, M. ( 2006 ) , â€Å" Service, merchandise, and the institutional construction of production † , Industrial Marketing Management, Volume 35, Number 7, pp. 797-805. Barratt, M. ( 2004 ) , â€Å" Understanding the significance of Collaboration in the supply concatenation † , Supply Chain Management, An International Journal, Volume 9, Number 1, pp 30-42. Burt, S. , Davies, K. ( 2007 ) , â€Å" Consumer co-operatives and retail internationalization: jobs and chances † , International Journal of Retail A ; Distribution Management, Volume 35, Number 2, pp. 156-177. Christopher, M. ( 2005 ) , Logistics and Supply Chain Management, 3rd ed. , Pearson Education, London. Cox, A. ( 1999 ) , â€Å" Power value and supply concatenation direction † ; Supply concatenation direction: An International Journal, Volume 4, Number 4, pp 167-175. Davies, A. , Prencipe, A. , Hobday, M. ( 2003 ) , â€Å" Incorporate solutions: the altering concern of systems integrating † , The Business System Integration, Oxford, Oxford University Press. Easterby-Smith, M. , Thorpe, R. and Jackson, P. ( 2008 ) , â€Å" Management Research † , Third Edition, Sage Publication Limited. Findlay, A. M. , Paddison, R. , and Dawson, J. A. ( 1990 ) , Retailing Environments In Developing States, London, Routledge, Chapman and Hall Fisher, C. ( 2007 ) , â€Å" Researching and composing a thesis † , FT learner Hall, Second edition Fisher, Colin ( 2010 ) , â€Å" Researching and composing a thesis – An Essential usher for concern pupils † , Third Edition, Harlow, Pearson Education Limited. Freathy, P. ( 2003 ) , The Retailing Book: Principle and Application, Harlow, Pearson Education Limited. Ganesam, S. 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( 1990 ) , â€Å" Market orientation: the concept, research propositions and managerial deductions † , Journal of Marketing, Volume 54, Number 2, pp 1-18. Martinez, V. , Bastl, M. , Kingston, J. , and Evans, S. ( 2009 ) , â€Å" Challenges in transforming fabrication administrations into product-service suppliers † , Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, Volume 21, Number 4, pp 449-469. Mentzer, J.T. , DeWitt, W. , Keebler, J.S. , Min, S. , Nix, N.W. , Smith, C.D. , Zacharia, Z.G. ( 2001 ) â€Å" What is supply concatenation direction? † Supply Chain Management, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp 5-62. Miller, D. , Hope, Q. , Eisengstat, R. , Foote, N. and Galbraith, J. ( 2002 ) , â€Å" The job of solutions: reconciliation clients and capablenesss † , Business Horizons, Volume 45, Number 2, pp 3-12. OECD ( 2007 ) , Staying Competitive in the Global Economy: Traveling up the Value Chain, OECD Paris. Oliva, R. and Kallenberg, R. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Development Plan Management Skill Booster

Question: A. Briefly explain the following terms with reference to learning styles:1 Activist2 Pragmatist3 Theorist4 Reflector B. Evaluate the following self-learning approaches.1 Learning through research.2 Mentoring/coaching.3 Seminars.4 Use of the internet.5 Social networks.6 Secondments. Compile the different types of learning styles and approaches in a professional report using Harvard Referencing to document your research. Title page. Contents page. Introduction. Separate sections for the different types of learning styles and approaches. Include additional research when explaining Parts A and B. References and Bibliography.Task 2: LO1.2Explain ways how you could encourage lifelong learning in personal and professional contexts (500 words). Your explanation should include the following:1 Continuing Professional Development (CPD).2 Further education (FE).3 Linking higher education (HE) with industry.4 Recognition of prior learning (RPL/APL).5 Apprenticeships.6) Write a report detailing im provements to the five areas above in Task 2 to make them more successful for lifelong learning. You will need to include evidence of research and theorists.(500 words)TASK 3: LO1.3Evaluate the benefits of self-managed to the individual and organisation (500 Words). Your explanation should include the following:1 Improved ability range with personal learning.2 Evidence of improved levels of skill.3 Feedback from others.Learning achievements Answer: Introduction Learning styles can be simply defined as the behaviour and/or attitudes that determines the different approaches individuals have towards a preferred way of learning. They validate the fact that students learn differently. Since each individual student has different characteristics and requirements, it is of utmost importance that the teacher recognizes these and have their educational material i.e. daily activities, assessments and the curriculum cater for the said characteristics and requirements. The various classifications of students learning styles will be discussed later. Self-learning, also referred to as autodidactcism or self-education, can be defined as the learning of a subject or subjects in which the person has had little or no exposure to formal education. Self-learning is sometimes viewed as a complement of modern education thereby encouraging students to do more independent work. Self-discipline and reflective capability are important traits required in self-learning. Classification Of Learning Styles Activists These are characters who learn things by doing and develop the skills required while on the job. They get their hands dirty. Normally, they live in the present and are not interested in planning. Repetition bores them. Their approach to learning is open minded and they involve themselves fully and without any form of bias when faced with new experiences. They have a code, Ill try anything once.(Pritchard, Allan, 2014). They act first and the consequences are considered later. Once the excitement from one activity dies, they get busy with next challenge that presents itself. Activists approach their problems through brainstorming, group discussions, competitions, puzzles and role-play. Pragmatist These are characters who are keen on trying out new ideas, technique or theories just to see if they actually work in practice. They experiment the ideas with applications. They will experiment but not bother with the dissection of the results that follows. If something works, then it is good, if it does not work, then there is no need of wasting time wondering why it did not. They will instead move on to something new to try out. They view problems and opportunity as a challenge. The have a code, There is always a better way and If it works, then its good. They engage in discussions, case studies and take time to think about how to apply learning in reality.(Pritchard, Allan, 2014) Theorist These type of learners like to comprehend the theory behind certain actions they engage in. They adapt and integrate the observations they make into logical theories. They are perfectionists who give their all until everything is in place. They dislike subjectivity and ambiguity and hence tend to be analytical, detached and dedicated to rational objectivity. Their code is, If it is logical, it is good.(Pritchard, Allan, 2014). The approach they take towards problems is logical. They will involve models, gather background information and apply theories in problem solving. Reflectors These characters learn by observation. They are the look before you leap type. They are really cautious and thorough. They would rather sit back and observe than take the lead. They take their time in decision making process by reviewing experiences from different perspectives and as such their decisions are sound. Their code is be cautious. They adopt a low profile and are often quite in groups.(Pritchard, Allan, 2014) Self Learning Approaches 1: Learning Trough Research This involves comprehension of learning in which the learner determines, does tests and reflection of their own learning goals in a responsible and self-managed way. It is usually realised through individual work Mentoring/Coaching Mentoring refers to the support and encouragement offered to people on how to manage their own learning so as to maximize on their potential, performance improvement, and develop their skills. A mentor should instil and boost self confidence in a person. Coaching may refer to the act of one person guiding another through processes that will ultimately lead to personal enhancement. It is about building a relationship that is based on choices rather than advice.(Boud, D. 2013) Seminars Attending of seminars of conferences exposes one different ideas and experiences, which go a long way in improving their personal skills and development. Public speaking also improves greatly as the confidence to stand and communicate to people is boosted. Use Of The Internet Surfing different websites in search of specific articles or solutions to various problems can make people gain knowledge. The internet is vast and contains huge amounts of data. Dedicated sites like Google offer easy access to useful information which people can use to gain the required knowledge. Social Networks There are many social networks out there like Facebook, Whatsapp, Instagram, and Twitter among others. People can spend time in these networks, chatting with friends or learning new things. People share information, including current affairs and motivation which one can apply for the betterment of ones life. Problems that require solutions can be posted in social networks so that people from other places may provide solutions.(Boud, D. 2013) Secondments These can be viewed as job trials. It involves temporary leaving ones current position of employment to another under a different or same employer. This experience may help one learn a lot about another post and possibly apply the ideas and knowledge gained within their employed position(Boud, D. 2013). Secondments should be carefully negotiated to maintain confidentiality of vital information within an organisation. Ways Of Encouraging Lifelong Learning In Personal And Professional Contexts. Lifelong learning may be referred to as the process of learning throughout ones life. It requires a change in the mind-set of an individual and usually goes hand in hand with accountability. Considering CPD (Continuing Professional Development), introduction of changes with regards to the way in which students are assessed, and development of a student portfolio as a means of assessment can discourage superficial learning. It will lead to adoption of a learning style. Tutors should identify the key role they play in encouraging students to apply their skills and knowledge into practice thus allowing students to develop lifelong learning skills. Being well-educated with good academic background doesnt automatically mean employment, employers are looking for well-balanced people who are keen to learn and develop. In case a person is unemployed, the available time can be put in to learning something new which may end up opening channels that would not have otherwise been available. When employed, a person can make good the chances of training, mentoring or coaching opportunities that come up. This will enable them work on their continuous professional development and hence cement their position of employment or even be in line for a promotion. In the modern day and age, new things are always coming up. Be it technology, inventions or discoveries. It becomes essential that in order to keep up with the changing trends an individual should seek further education (FE). In particular, technological advancements are at an all-time high, organizations encourage that the employees should keep themselves updated at all times. This will entail seeking further education as a way to encourage lifelong learning. Most organizations have to train the employees once they are hired. This process can be costly and time-consuming to the organization. The reason why this is so is that, most of the learning done in the education systems doesnt provide hands on practical skills required in the industries. Linking of the education provided in the system with the industry will facilitate the nurturing of students who possess the skills required by the industry. The industry benefits from innovations made by the students while the education system will receive additional resources to equip the individual with skills. Recognition of prior learning (RPL) maybe referred to as an assessment process of the learning acquired by an individual be it formal, informal or non-formal prior to enrolment in a given programme. RPL encourages individuals to enroll or re-enroll into formal education which leads to qualification and awarding of credit for things already known in the programme. Through lifelong learning, one may qualify for many credits enrolled for, by possessing skills acquired informally. RPL eliminates the need for duplicate learning i.e. learning what one already knows. It encourages an individual to keep on acquiring and upgrading their skills and work towards attaining formal qualifications. Apprenticeship is a system offering on-the-job training with some accompaniment of classroom work study and reading. They are mainly for employers who want to have a qualified workforce with instilled skill and loyalty. The apprenticeship system can be used to employ new staff and also develop the skills of the employed individuals. It is part of lifelong learning that ensures the employees are up-to-date and qualified. Apprenticeships cultivate productive, loyal, enthusiastic and hardworking people who readily address skill shortage and enhance the reputation of the organization. Improvement Of Longlife Learning Continuing Professional Development (CPD) revolves around continuous acquisition of knowledge and skill. Proper time planning can go a long way in ensuring an individual is able to set aside some time specifically dedicated to improving on the skills acquired or to acquire more. This will also ensure that there is no overlap with personal or work commitments in the case of an employed individual. Im the case of students, proper time planning will ensure that they dont end up missing classes in the pursuit of professional development. Organizations should also facilitate frequent mentorship and coaching programmes that aim at developing the skills of the employees and also exposing them to new ideas that expands their knowledge. Construction of adequate facilities to provide education to people want to seek advanced or additional knowledge in various subjects can go a long way in improving the offering of further education to individuals. Operation of the facilities should be in such a way that distant and online learning is incorporated to ensure that people from far off places get a chance to further their studies. Where sit in classes are required, part time options should be offered such that individuals who are employed are able to expand their knowledge base. Technology fairs are another good way to expose the employees in an organization to ensure that they are up-to-date with the current technology. At a personal level, spending more time with people who are intellectual can expand ones knowledge base as their habits will rub off on you and they are bound to share their knowledge with you. Encouraging teaching of practical skills rather than purely theoretical material in higher learning institutions can with time, bridge the gap between the industries and higher education. Instilling practical mind-sets in the students will ensure they get right into the industrial workforce without going through training to acquire the required skills. Inviting prominent personalities from the industries to offer talks to students in higher learning institutions about what is required of them in the industries can stir the need to acquire practical skills while still in school. When enrolling into formal programmes, exemptions should be offered to individuals found to possess the learning that is to be offered in the said programme. This, of course, is after conducting Recognition of Prior Learning assessment. People with skills acquired through formal, informal on non-formal ways can as such gain formal recognition and be awarded credits. The exemptions would greatly improve the war recognition of prior learning is viewed. This way, many individuals will be encouraged to join formal institutions as they are aware that any learning relevant to the programs enrolled will be recognized. In the process, long-life learning is promoted. Acquiring additional training and putting into practice the learning acquired can complement the apprenticeship offered to an individual. In learning institutions, engaging in apprenticeship activities during ones free time can enable an individual build practical approaches to the learning taught in school. Projects can be assigned to students to build on their skills. Organization should encourage apprenticeship by hiring/employing apprentices. Benefits Of Self-Managed Learning To The Individual Team work skills The art of team work in learning institutions provide an individual with the necessary social and team player skills that can be employed in the work place/organization Presentation skills In trying to show what knowledge an individual has acquired, they learn how to do presentations to other people and also boost their confidence through public speaking. In the long learn the skills acquired by the individual may benefit the organization. Communication skills Self-learning improves the individuals communication and writing skills. Through interaction with peers and the sharing of knowledge, individuals are able to learn things they did not know about. In academic setups, some people are chosen to be class representatives and hence are able to nurture leadership skills at an early age. This will be useful to the individual in terms of personal growth. Self-learning challenges individuals to come up with their own learning that they are able to share and hence connect with others. Through self-leaning, individuals are able to achieve goals set at a certain phase of their lives. Their intellectual capacity is increased together with the confidence they possess and this makes them more capable and full of opportunity compared to their counterparts who do not practice self-learning. As they grow to their peak, their margin of error at the personal or professional level reduces greatly and they can easily get the top positions in any organization. This will contribute greatly to their career growth. Benefits of self managed learning to the organization. Decision making Through self-learning, individuals are able to acquire vital decision making skills through the various learning experiences (work or education) they have been exposed to. This could be a huge advantage to the organization that has employed the individual as they will have someone on board who can be relied upon to make critical decision.(Graves, N. 2013) Ethics Through personal experiences, individuals are able to learn about moral judgement and also situations that will require such judgement. This could be a profession wise advantage to the organization. Problem solving Through ones pursue of work, education, hobbies or interests, exposure to different problems is unavoidable. The way the individual handles such problems leads to development of problem solving skills obtained through self-learning. Such kind of skills are transferable and can be applied to deal with problems in an organization that hires such an individual.(Graves, N. 2013) Flexibility Personal commitments may limit the output of an individual when assigned to do some tasks by the organization. However, an individual, through skills acquired from self-learning, knows that focusing on the organizations objectives will enable them to be committed to the tasks assigned, for the benefit of the organization. Therefore, organizations will look for flexible individuals. Organizations are able to get individuals who are responsible, dedicated and capable. Important and crucial duties could end up being assigned to them. Individuals with such kind of skills acquired through self-learning end up being promoted in the organization and will act as role models to their fellow employees. Encouraging them to engage in self-learning. This will be a huge benefit to the organization.(Graves, N. 2013) References Back, D. and et. al., 2003. Interpersonal skills in organizations with management skill booster passcard. McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Morgenstern, J., 2004. Time management from the inside out. New York: Henry and Company. Boud, D. 2013. Enhancing learning through self-assessment. London: Routledge. Collin, R. and Hammond, M. 2013. Self-directed learning: critical practice. London: Routledge. Graves, N. 2013. Learner managed learning: practice, theory and policy. London: Routledge. Pritchard, Allan, 2014. Learning styles. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: New York: Routledge. Wikipedia, 2016. Learning styles. Viewed on 20 September 2016, Wikipedia, 2016. Lifelong learning. Viewed on 20 September 2016, UK Essays, 2016. Self-managed learning, definition and discussion. Viewed on 20 September 2016, Self-managed learning. Viewed on 20 September 2016,

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

Globalization and Technology Changes free essay sample

Assess how globalization and technology changes have Impacted the corporation you researched. The company researched was universal Music Group because the music industry is ever growing and I wanted to know more about the company. As we all know, technology has been a major part of the music industry both good and bad. Technology has helped plenty of artists and hurt others. Since the introduction of the MPH and the popularity of the POD device, compact disc sales have declined and more music is being released without the record compass permission.Some may IEEE this as a major problem to the other major record labels that distribute music globally. But some are using the MPH to their advantage. A while ago an artist could not walk out of a studio and release a record in ten minutes. Now artists can get the music to their fans In record time and the fans can then download the song a lot faster than a drive to the local record store. We will write a custom essay sample on Globalization and Technology Changes or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Overall sales are down In the music Industry, but according to sources Universal Music Group, the biggest of the worlds four major music companies, made the most money percentage and dollar wise from digital sales in 2008 (Lewis, 2009).Because its believed that music is a global language, universal Music Group makes money from all across the world. The company has artists and labels from multiple countries that are very successful in generating record sales. There are American artists that were at a point in their careers where their music was not selling as it once was, but now they are touring overseas. Technology and globalization have been a driving force in the music industry and Universal Music Group is reaping the benefits of both.It took the major labels a long time to embrace the digital age of music and they almost missed out on major money. Universal Music Group Is thriving In a declining music industry that has gone from analog to digital right before our eyes. Apply the industrial organization model and the resource-based model to determine how your corporation could earn above-average returns. By using the Industrial Organization model to earn above-average returns, universal Music Group will have to use the four underlying assumptions.First, the company will have to study the current state of the music industry and the economy as well. A struggling economy will bring record sales down, because people are budgeting their income a lot tighter and music will not be mongo one of the items they need to purchase. If people do not have enough money to purchase the music, chances are they will find other ways to get the audio through illegal links or burning compact discs. A struggling music Industry can be caused by a bad economy, but another key factor is poor music quality. If the music is not good, then chances are the songs will not get purchased. Sales have been on the decline In recent years due to technology advances and lack of artist development Is the mall problems to this epidemic. The labels have been putting out manufactured music for he past few years and the consumers are unhappy. The next step Is for the label to label company has a fair share of stars that can generate sales, so these releases need to be timed properly. Thirdly, the strategy must be selected for these stars to succeed.The final step would be for upper management of the record label, to use their highest selling acts to increase profit potential and create new trends. Universal Music Group has to come up with a marketing plan that caters to each act separately and uses the assets of the company to push these artists as high as they can go up the charts. Using the resource-based model for above-average returns assumes that each organization is a collection of unique resources and capabilities. The uniqueness of its resources and capabilities is the basis of a firms strategy and its ability to earn above-average returns. Michael A. Whit, 2013) Universal Music Groups resources are identified as artists, labels, publishing companies, merchandising, and distribution. The strengths and weaknesses of the labels resources will be compared to the competition. The record label will then determine which set of resources should be used to perform the task of generating a profit. A key factor they will test is to make sure that they (Universal Music Group) will do better than the competition. Universal will have to research what areas it excels in oppose to the other major record labels.Next Universal will locate a demographic that is interested in the products they are delivering to the masses. Once the demographic is determined the label will implement the strategy of promoting the music through all media outlets including, but not limited to, television, radio, print, and live performances. That is how Universal Music Group can earn above-average returns. Assess how the vision statement and mission statement of the corporation influence its overall success. The vision statement of Universal Music Group is to be the worlds largest music content company.This is a key statement to the overall success of the company, because it sets the bar very high not only for the artist but the employees of the company as well. A vision is what the company wants to achieve; and Universal Music Group is the worlds largest music content company with market leading positions in recorded music, music publishing, and merchandising according to their website (Overview). The mission statement of Universal Music Group is the recorded music business discovers and develops recording artist and then markets and promotes their music across a wide array of formats and platforms.Mugs music publishing company, Universal Music Publishing Group, discovers and develops songwriters, and owns and administers copyrights to musical compositions for use in recordings, public performances, and related uses, such as films and advertisements. (Overview) The vision and mission statement work hand and hand, and creates a template for Universal Music Group to grow and flourish as a business. Evaluate how each category of stakeholder impact the overall success of this corporation. Capital market stakeholders are the shareholders and ma jor suppliers of capital to a company.The capital market stakeholders of Universal Music Group will want to see profits rise and risk decrease. They will keep the record label with the mentality that profits must increase or albums may not come out, or boutique labels under the Universal Music Group franchise will fold. The product market shareholders for Universal Music Group are the consumers who buy the music and go to the concerts. The consumers re the ones who actually pay all the bills for the corporation. These customers Nail hurt the overall sales at Universal Music Group.The organizational stakeholders are the employees at the labels and the artist signed to the labels. The artist expect for their music to come out and do well with the right marketing and promotion from the label. Each artist wants the labels attention on their product once released and success from the public. An artists success depends greatly on their music but also the fans. Not every artist will have a successful album or song. But, good sales errant the employees at that label company that they will have their Job and better career opportunities.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Analyse and evaluate Shakespeares use of soliloquy in presenting the developing character of Hamlet Essay Example

Analyse and evaluate Shakespeares use of soliloquy in presenting the developing character of Hamlet Essay Example Analyse and evaluate Shakespeares use of soliloquy in presenting the developing character of Hamlet Paper Analyse and evaluate Shakespeares use of soliloquy in presenting the developing character of Hamlet Paper Essay Topic: Hamlet Hamlet by William Shakespeare is a drama performed between 1599 and 1601. Hamlet is a fusion of many themes, which bond together to form a complex, ambiguous play. Hamlet, simplified, is the story of a man brimming with vengeance, trying to avenge his fathers death which was caused by his uncle, Claudius who then marries Hamlets mother, Gertrude. The death of his father is a tragedy in itself. Perceptions of tragedies differ from individuals perspectives; anything can be a tragic as long as it takes the right composition or form. Calamitous situations weaved with anguish and despair in addition to the possibility of destruction and heartbreak are some of the most common elements employed by tragic writers. Dominant features of a tragedy also include the protagonists downfall, usually a consequence of their hamartia. This is evident in Hamlet. Hamlet, the protagonist encounters anagnorisis due to his hamartia, ultimately leading to death of most of the cast. The complexity of Hamlets character is a mystery to the audience but through soliloquys, William Shakespeare shows the audience Hamlets feelings and thoughts and how they develop. Soliloquies give the audience a chance to connect with the character as it gives the audience a chance to see the character unleashing their inner thoughts. This will lead to the audience being aware of the true identity of the character making it easier for them to comprehend and understand the true depths of both the story and character. Soliloquies are a vital tool used in Hamlet to understand the true insight on Hamlets character. Hamlet freely expresses his inner thoughts through soliloquies, this is the only real time the audience are aware of Hamlets feelings. Also, it gives the audience a chance to try to understand Hamlets complex character. This dramatic device is a key value in understanding the character of Hamlet and how he develops. Hamlet is portrayed by Shakespeare as a complicated individual. He is an enigma wrapped in a paradox. He is a walking contradiction, full of strong emotions just waiting to be unleashed. He is both melancholic but strong willed, even though his greatest weakness is his indecisiveness. He wallows in his grief wanting to take action but never seems to be able to. He is an incredibly articulate and genius character full of wit and intelligence. He is the definition of Aristotles tragic hero. His ambiguity is a conundrum. His personality develops as the play goes on, making his character traits more apparent. We first become aware of the true thoughts of Hamlets character in his first soliloquy. In Act 1 Scene 2 we are met with his mental state. Hamlet is full of grief; he is trying to come to terms with his fathers death but is met with more difficulties. His mother has re-married; she has re-married to his uncle. In this first soliloquy, Hamlet shows signs that can be applied to the aspects of the oedipal complex as part of his character. These soliloquiess aid us in understanding the true depths of Hamlets mind and thought process. The dominant cause of Hamlets grief is his mother re-marrying. He is disgusted that his mother has moved on so quickly and he believes the relationship is incestuous. With such dexterity to incestuous sheets! It is not, nor it cannot come to good. / But break my heart, for I must hold my tongue. (1. 2 . 157-9). However, Hamlet feels he shouldnt intervene and must hold his tongue. Hamlet at this point seems to be more concerned over his mothers affairs rather then his fathers death. Hamlet doesnt discuss how he is feeling about his fathers death. This fits the traits of the oedipal complex. Hamlet is aware his father is dead, subconsciously Hamlet believes now that his father is gone he can have his mother all to himself. However, he is met with a difficulty: Claudius. Hamlet feels great anger and towards Claudius which also fits in with the oedipal complex; hating the father, in this case hating the spouse of his mother. In this soliloquy Hamlet is full of negative emotions, he is showing melancholia, along with anger and frustration and grief too. Now that his father has died he sees no point in living, the world around him seems meaningless. He states How weary, stale, flat and unprofitable, / Seem to me all the uses of this world! the world around him no longer has a use to him. Nothing has a purpose to him. He compares the world with a weeded garden. tis an unweeded garden, /That grows to seed; things rank and gross in nature. The words are showing that Hamlet feels the world is corrupt and rotting, and it is also a gross place. He realises that everything in the end will turn bad, and rank. He seems to think everything around him has decayed and nothing will really flourish anymore, everything he was comfortable with has just been taken away from him instantaneously and he doesnt seem to think anything will get better. Hamlet in contrast to Claudius sees his father as amazing. He thinks his father was excellent and now that Claudius is taking his place so quickly and his mother hasnt even had time to grieve, he finds that unbearable. O, God! beast, that wants discourse of reason, / Would have mournd longermarried with my uncle Hamlet think that even an animal would have mourned longer then what his mother did. He feels as though she is moving on too quickly. Hamlet seems to be trapped in the memory of his father, he doesnt seem to be completely grief ridden but it seems like he wants to reminisce his fathers existence. He wants to be close to his mother too, and he feels like its her duty to mourn. Going into another relationship so abruptly leaves Hamlet feeling as though she felt nothing towards her father. Hamlet believes all the tears she cried for him must therefore be fake. Ere yet the salt of most unrighteous tears/ Had left the flushing in her galled eyes She doesnt deserve to mourn, in Hamlets eyes. Hamlet at this point in the play is experiencing melancholia. He is grieving and is faced with more problems. This soliloquy helps us understand what Hamlet is feeling about the situation. Hamlet at this point is still an enigmatic character although he is showing his frustration quite clearly; he is yet to act upon his feelings and is trapped within his mind. Although he is feeling great annoyance towards the whole situation he hasnt confronted his mother about it yet. As the play progresses Hamlets character traits become more apparent. His indecisiveness is demonstrated in this soliloquy. He is confused about life and is contemplating suicide in Act 3 Scene 1 (lines 56-89). He is debating two possible scenarios; to live or to die. To be or not to be. This soliloquy unlike his other soliloquies is quite a thorough, thought out one. He is not in complete despair or anger, he is calm. Hamlet starts a philosophical speech on the good and bad sides of living. Hamlets predicament is that he is so unhappy with living; he just doesnt see the point of existing anymore. He is speculating whether death would actually be better then living. However, Hamlet is also acknowledging the fact that as he hasnt experienced death before he doesnt know how it is going to be like; he is not sure if he wants to take the chance and die; it could be a lot worse then living. If Hamlet does commit suicide there is no coming back. Shakespeare uses interesting phrases to create a vivid image in the audiences mind. Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, by comparing his situation to a sea of troubles creates an image in the audiences mind. This line can also demonstrate the physical representation of his mind. Like a sea of troubles everything is crashing inside him, nothing is going the right way. He wants to fight his despair but he doesnt see the point. He is thinking to maybe take the risk of suicide To sleep: perchance to dream. Perhaps if he died, he wou ld take the chance of falling into an eternal slumber, to dream to be at peace. However, he does realise that no-one can come back once they have taken their lives. The undiscoverd country from whose bourn/ No traveller returns. He is not willing to take the risk at this point. Hamlet associates death as a peaceful concept. He uses positive words to describe it. To sleep, to dream. As his life is filled with torment he sees death as an escape, to fall asleep and never wake, to live in a fantasy and dream. This soliloquy is showing us the paradox of Hamlets situation. He is required to kill Claudius because his father has told him to do so. But he also has his mind bent towards suicide. The 6th commandment prevents Hamlet from killing Claudius. Killing ones self is also going against the commandment. Also, Hamlet realises that if he does kill Claudius his outcome may be sentenced to a life time in hell. He doesnt really take this into consideration and really wants to kill Claudius and avenge his fathers death. He is stuck between two things, to listen to his father and kill Claudius and end up going to hell or let his fathers death go unpunished in this life. This is mentally eating up Hamlet. Since Hamlet is a firm believer in Christianity he should realise that Claudiuss crime wont go un punishable but he still feels obliged to avenge his fathers death. He is stuck in the situation. Hamlets mental state is not stable. He is always changing his moods abruptly and his soliloquies show his instability. His character at this point is reaching a climax. So far he hasnt acted upon filling his fathers wish although he really wants to do so. His indecisiveness has prevented him to do so. Although opportunities to do so have arised, he didnt take them. Hamlet finds a perfect chance to kill Claudius. But he thinks Claudius is praying. In the fourth soliloquy he expresses his thoughts on this (Act 3, scene 3 lines 73-97). Claudius is praying for forgiveness for what he has done. Hamlet believes if he kills Claudius now he will be forgiven and sent to heaven. Hamlet does not think this is the right moment to kill him now because his heinous crime will go unpunished, he wants Claudius o suffer for what he did. A villain kills my father; and for that / I, his sole son, do the same villain send / to heaven. Hamlet feels like its his duty to avenge his fathers death as he is the only son. He thinks if he kills Claudius now, his crime will go unpunished. Hamlet wants to ensure Claudius gets what he deserves: damnation. He feels like it is his duty to fulfil this. Then trip him, that his heels may kick at heaven, / And that his soul may be as damnd and black / As hell, whereto it goes. He wants to make sure there is no way Claudius will go to heaven. O, this is hire and salary, not revenge. This is not something Hamlet sees as revenge, but something he must do, something compulsory. These three soliloquies demonstrate Hamlets character and it shows his character development also. They portray his indecisiveness; he doesnt know when to kill Claudius. As he leaves it to the very end to take action the play ends in tragedy, naturally. He becomes more and more aware of his duty and feels the need to have to take Claudiuss life. Although Hamlets character seems to feign insanity by the end of the play Hamlets negative mind is definitely over powering him which leads to his mental breakdown. The soliloquies are successful in showing this as the audience get to see the slow progression of his insanity and how his character fully develops.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Case study of (Starbucks has not paid The UK corporation tax 2012)

Of (Starbucks has not paid The UK corporation tax 2012) - Case Study Example According to this theory, an organisation is part of the society in which it operates (Benoit, 2000). An organisation, therefore, is supposed to adhere to certain, explicit or implicit, norms and values. The voluntary disclosures therefore are seen as biased because they are influenced by the interaction of the firm and that particular society. This theory, therefore, emphasizes that the vehicle for voluntary disclosure and the information disclosed be analyzed in context of the society in which the organisation operates (Benoit, 1995). Closely related to the system oriented theories is the legitimacy theory. This theory states that the organisation derives its legitimacy from the society in which it operates. Therefore, the society has a multitude of implicit and explicit expectations on the organisation which the organisation should not forego. A firm can only be seen as legitimate if its status, condition or operations are in sync with the society’s expectations. The societ y supports legitimate businesses (Islam and Deegan, 2010). One of the ways to legitimize a business is by making voluntary disclosures for the benefit of the society. ... This theory states that when a crisis becomes a threat a reputation-conscious organisation will always respond to save its image, identity or reputation by voluntarily releasing information that directly counters that which is eroding its reputation. This theory proposes a wide variety of measures to be taken including excuses, justification, denial and apologies (Freeman, 1984). The Case Context Starbucks is the second largest restaurant chain globally after McDonalds. It is valued at $40 billion. The company has many units distributed across the globe and the focus of this literature will be the UK unit. In the year ending September 30th 2012 the company’s UK unit recorded a loss in its operations consequently failing to pay the corporate income tax for the third year in a row (Bergin, 2012). The information was first released by Reuters who asserted that even though the company was recording losses, its management was still declaring it as a viable undertaking with lessons to be emulated by other firms and branches. This mixed information to investors and the taxman brewed a crisis with the esteemed customers with the British government accusing Starbucks of tax evasion (Neville, 2012). Data In its 14 years of operations in the UK, Starbucks had never recorded a profit; this is despite making sales of over $4.8 billion (3 billion UK pounds). According to Her Majesty Revenue and Customs authority, Starbucks had failed to declare any profits during its entire period in operation in the UK managing to pay only 8.6 million UK pounds in 14 years. McDonalds, its main rival, managed to pay as corporate income tax of 80 million UK pounds from its 3.6 billion worth of sales in the UK market and the third largest